Common warthog

Phacochoerus africanus

ssp. africanus (Northern Savanna and Sahel region), aeliani (Eritrea, Djibouti, and north Somalia), massaicus (central and eastern Africa), sundevallii (southern Africa)

Status: Least Concern

Did you know? Common warthogs are the only African pig that are typical open-country species, with morphological and behavioural adaptations typical to grazers.

Common warthog - Bernard Dupont.jpg

Habitat

Generally confined to various types of savanna grasslands, open bushlands and woodlands, usually within range of perennial surface water.

Diet

Varied, including grasses, roots, fruits, bark, fungi, eggs, and carrion, including scavenging on small mammals, reptiles and birds.

Behaviour

The social structure of common warthogs is one of small groups: solitary males or bachelor groups, matriarchal groups consisting of adult females with juveniles and/or yearlings, or yearling groups. Typically, both males and females tend to remain close to their natal area; their home ranges overlap with others. The species is highly active during daylight with feeding being the main activity.

Threats

Susceptible to drought and predation leading possibly to local extinction. Reduction of populations caused by rinderpest in the past.

Conservation Actions

The species is relatively widespread across Africa and occurs in most protected areas in savanna zones.

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