Red river hog

Potamochoerus porcus

 

Status: Least Concern

Did you know? Red river hogs are the smallest and most colourful of all African pigs.

Red river hog - Heather Paul.jpg

Habitat

Typically associated with rainforest and gallery forests, but also recorded in dry forest, savanna woodland and cultivated areas.

Diet

Varied, including fruits and seeds, larvae, and scavenging on carcasses.

Behaviour

A gregarious species generally seen in groups of 7-10 individuals. When conditions are good, sounders can aggregate in groups of more than 60 individuals. There is very scarce information on movements or home range for this species. They are highly adaptable and may even benefit from the opening up of former forested areas by the creation of secondary habitats, provision of cultivated foods, or reductions in numbers of their natural predators.

Threats

Primarily subsistence hunting and commercial bushmeat trade. In some countries, retaliatory killing takes place due to crop-raiding. As with many other species, they are affected by habitat loss and human encroachment. It is possible that hybridisation takes place with Eurasian wild boar and free-ranging domestic pigs, but this is not well understood.

Conservation Actions

The species is protected in most reserves and national parks in West and Central Africa, but law enforcement in many cases is lacking. The last conservation action meeting was held in October 2019 as part of the first Expert Meeting on African wild pigs and discussed the species’ status, threats and conservation actions.

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